11 Stock Sectors: Performance, ETFs, Risks & Best Stocks Listed

The Webs Most Detailed Analysis of the 11 Stock Market Sectors. The Risks, Key Stocks & ETFs To Structure a High Performance Diversified Portfolio

We believe this research report will provide you the most in-depth overview and understanding of not only the 11 stock market sectors, but every top-performing Stock and ETF in each sector.  We also provide guidance on how to invest in each sector.

To perform this detailed analysis we used our partner’s software Stock Rover, which is in our opinion, the best screening, analysis, and research tool available.

Stock Sectors are a means of breaking down and simplifying an enormous and complex stock market. Analysts and portfolio managers use the GICS sector classification to enable better portfolio structuring, risk management, and reporting.

Stock Market Sectors enable more granular performance reporting, analysis, and comparison of the industries and companies in each sector.

Sectors give investors metrics to measure and evaluate company performance. For example, an investor can compare Exxon-Mobil (NYSE: XOM) and BP (BP) performance within the Energy Sector.

The GICS Sector Classification

The industry-standard stock classification system is the Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS). The GICS divides the market into 11 sectors.

Using the GICS makes it easy for investors to find information about stocks and sectors. investors can analyze the past performance of the sectors to understand which industries are growing/declining and which are the best performing stock in each sector and industry.  Buying the best-performing stocks in the highest performing industries is a staple strategy for fund managers.

Analyzing each sector and the best ETFs and Stocks in each sector is exactly what we will cover in this article.

The 11 Standard Stock Market Sectors:

  1. Basic Materials
  2. Communication Services
  3. Consumer Discretionary
  4. Consumer Staples
  5. Energy
  6. Financial Services
  7. Healthcare
  8. Industrials
  9. Real Estate
  10. Technology
  11. Utilities

Stock Sector 10 Year Performance vs. S&P 500

  • Technology +292.80%
  • Consumer Discretionary +153.60%
  • Healthcare +80.40%
  • Industrials -60.30%
  • Consumer Staples -60.70%
  • Utilities -81.10%
  • Financial Services -116.60%
  • Basic Materials -134.40%
  • Real Estate -139.30%
  • Communication Services -141.90%
  • Energy -307.00%
Sector 10 Year Performance vs. S&P 500 IndexMarket Cap ($M)2Y Return vs S&P 5005Y Return vs S&P 50010Y Return vs S&P 500
Technology$643,27550.40%140.70%292.80%
Consumer Discretionary$569,39924.20%26.10%153.60%
Healthcare$112,083-4.40%-11.70%80.40%
Industrials$42,564-19.00%-29.00%-60.30%
Consumer Staples$134,014-2.00%-41.90%-60.70%
Utilities$39,616-10.00%-22.10%-81.10%
Financial Services$120,833-35.50%-47.50%-116.60%
Basic Materials$39,964-12.30%-32.40%-134.40%
Real Estate$27,479-16.70%-63.50%-139.30%
Communication Services$410,271-0.30%-47.40%-141.90%
Energy$104,443-89.60%-142.10%-307.00%

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Stock Sector Performance Analysis

Looking across the stock market sectors we can see that the Technology Sector has been by far the best performing sector in the US economy. The technology sector has beaten the S&P 500 by 50% over 2 years, 140% over 5 years, and an incredible 292% over 10 years. Consumer discretionary sector stocks have also done well over the 10 year period beating the S&P500 by 153%.

10 Year Stock Sector Performance vs. S&P 500
10 Year Stock Sector Performance vs. S&P 500

Surprisingly healthcare as a sector did not perform well over the last 2 and 5 years, but over 10 years has managed to outperform the market.

The other sectors have ranged from a 60% to 307% loss against the S&P 500 over 10 years.

This suggests as an individual investor you should be focusing stock and ETF investments to the Technology and Consumer Discretionary sectors.

11 Stock Market Sector & How to Invest in Them
11 Stock Market Sector & How to Invest in Them

11 Stock Sectors In Detail

Basic Materials

Companies involved in the extraction, acquisition, development, processing, and marketing of raw materials make up the Basic Materials Sector. The Basic Materials Sector is confusing because it includes everything from gold mining to cement to lumber to paint manufacturing.

Basic materials include metals, chemicals, wood, paint, coatings, finishes, and plastics. Value investors buy Basic Materials Stocks because they are unsexy, often ignored by the media, and sometimes cheap.

Many people use the Basic Materials Sector as an indicator of the economy’s overall health and performance. The theory is a greater demand for Basic Materials indicates manufacturing growth and rising consumer spending.

Determining what constitutes a Basic Material can be tough because sectors overlap. Most analysts consider paints a Basic Material, for example. However, they categorize some paint additives as cleaning products or pharmaceuticals.

Top Performing Stocks in the Basic Materials Sector

TickerCompanyMarket Cap ($M)5Y Return vs S&P 50010-Year Return vs S&P 500Margin of Safety
APDAir Products & Chemicals$66,90473.60%148.40%-4%
ECLEcolab$57,856-15.70%69.30%-1%
FMCFMC$14,126169.00%41.90%13%
CECelanese$13,8749.50%31.80%8%
IFFIntl Flavors & Fragrances$12,686-73.40%-76.60%16%
EMNEastman Chemical$11,619-53.00%-86.30%17%

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Top Performing Basic Materials ETFs

TickerCompanyExpense Ratio5-Year Return vs S&P 50010Y Return vs S&P 500
LITGlobal X Lithium & Battery Tech ETF0.75%41.70%-241.10%
PHOInvesco Water Resources ETF0.60%1.20%-105.80%
RTMInvesco S&P 500 Equal Weight Materials ETF0.40%-20.50%-111.80%
CGWInvesco S&P Global Water Index ETF0.59%-20.90%-93.90%
XLBMaterials Select Sector SPDR Fund0.13%-25.20%-129.90%

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As you can see, only one basic materials sector ETF the “Global X Lithium & Battery Tech ETF” has significantly outperformed the market over the last 5 years. The conclusion here is that basic materials are not a good long-term investment.

How to Trade the Basic Materials Sector

The easiest way to trade the Basic Materials Sector is to identify profitable Basic Materials companies. Identifying Basic Materials companies can be tough because many industrial and energy companies supply basic materials.

Energy companies such as Chevron (NYSE: CVX) manufacture many chemicals that you can classify as basic materials, for instance. Conglomerates such as Berkshire Hathaway (NYSE: BRK.B) often own subsidiaries that supply Basic Materials. Precious metals such as gold and silver are considered both investments and Basic Materials.

Monitoring the prices of Basic Materials can sometimes point to companies that will expand. Falling Basic Materials prices could show falling demand and dropping profits and revenues at some companies. Rising Basic Materials price can indicate rising demand and economic growth.

Investors need to be careful in the Basic Materials Sector because other factors affect corporate profits. Labor and equipment costs, interest rates, energy costs, and insurance can all offset Basic Materials cost.

High costs for software and technology make Basic Materials irrelevant in some businesses. The main expenses in manufacturing an iPhone are Apple’s (AAPL) operating system and brand system, not the materials.

A great way to monitor the Basic Materials Sector is to examine the ProShares Short Basic Materials ETF (SBM). This Exchange Traded Fund’s benchmark is the daily performance Dow Jones US Basic Materials Index. Examining the SBM ETF can give you a snapshot of Basic Material prices and demand.

Many modern investors ignore Basic Materials because of the cost of technology. Basic Materials are no longer the powerful market sector they were in the 20th Century.

Communications Services

The Communications Stock Sector is the new name for the Telecommunications Stock Sector. The best way to think of Communications Stocks is as companies that transmit data in any electronic form.

The definition of Communications Stocks is broad. Standard & Poor’s (S&P) defines Facebook (FB), Netflix (NFLX), and the Walt Disney Company (DIS) as Communications stocks. The S&P also includes Verizon Communications (VZ) and AT&T (T) in the Communications Sector. Some fund managers will classify video game makers such as Activision Blizzard (ATVI) as Communications Stocks.

The Communications Sector includes Telecoms, social media, and entertainment companies. They include many Technology Stocks and some Consumer Discretionary Stocks in the Communications Sector.

Many value investors buy Communications Sector Stocks because some of them generate enormous amounts of what Warren Buffett calls float. Float is a steady stream of cash a company generates from subscription payments.

AT&T and Verizon generate float from wireless subscriptions. Netflix and Disney generate float from streaming video subscriptions.

Top Performing Stocks in the Communications Services Sector

TickerCompanyMarket Cap ($M)5Y Return vs S&P 50010-Year Return vs S&P 500Margin of Safety*
CHTRCharter Communications$133,536123.60%1421.70%-7%
FBFacebook$785,56099.20%– -2%
ATVIActivision Blizzard$62,56764.00%423.80%0%
GOOGLAlphabet$1,065,60037.90%208.00%-1%
EAElectronic Arts$37,797-1.20%418.50%1%
CMCSAComcast$211,147-25.20%246.00%-5%

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There are only a handful of excellent companies in the Communications Services Sector with stellar performance. But as you can see from the Margin of Safety column, there is not much value here for value investing strategies.

*Margin of Safety Data Exclusively on Stock Rover.

Top Performing ETFs in the Communications Services Sector

TickerCompanyExpense Ratio5-Year Return vs S&P 50010Y Return vs S&P 500
FCOMFidelity MSCI Communication Services Index ETF0.08%-14.00%– 
VOXVanguard Communication Services Index Fund ETF Shares0.10%-48.00%-140.90%
XTLSPDR S&P Telecom ETF0.35%-53.20%– 
IXPiShares Global Comm Services ETF0.46%-55.00%-184.70%
IYZiShares U.S. Telecommunications ETF0.42%-80.20%-202.00%

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From the above ETF performance data, investing in Communications Services Sector ETF is not a wise long-term investing strategy.  The best performing ETF, the Fidelity MSCI Communication Services Index ETF (Ticker: FCOM) lost 14% to the S&P 500 over the last 5 years.

How to Invest in the Communications Stock Sector

Some people use FANG stocks as a guide to the Communications Sector. Others buy diversified companies such as Disney (DIS), Comcast Corporation (CMSCA), and AT&T (T).

Disney owns streaming services, Disney+ and Hulu, Marvel Comics, Lucasfilm (Star Wars), theme parks, resorts, and movie studios. Comcast owns television networks, the Peacock streaming service, and cable television networks. AT&T owns a wireless company, an internet provider, the Warner Brothers movie studio, HBO, the HBO Max streaming service, DirecTV satellite television, and DC Comics.

The largest ETF in the sector is the Communication Services Select Sector SPDR Fund XLC. The XLC’s holdings, including Facebook (FB), AT&T, Comcast, T-Mobile US (TMUS), Netflix (NFLX), and video game maker Electronic Arts (EA).

Consumer Discretionary

Analysts classify Consumer Discretionary Stocks as shares in companies they consider non-essential for consumers.

Consumer Discretionary Stocks can include everything from electronics to vacations to fashion to luxury goods to automobiles. The Consumer Discretionary Sector includes retailers such as Amazon (AMZN) and The Home Depot (HD), automakers including Toyota (TM), and McDonalds (MCD), and other fast-food operators.

Many people consider Consumer Discretionary Stocks economic indicators because their performance can reflect consumer demand.

Rising sales of automobiles and smartphones show consumers have more disposable income, which indicates a good economy. Falling sales of cruise ship tickets or video games can show consumers have less money indicating a bad economy.

Rising sales at McDonald’s (MCD) can show consumers have less money. Falling sales of luxury goods such as Nike (NKE) can indicate cash-strapped consumers.

Top Performing Stocks in the Consumer Discretionary Stock Sector

TickerCompanyMarket Cap ($M)5Y Return vs S&P 50010-Year Return vs S&P 500Margin of Safety
ETSYEtsy$18,6621003.90%– -22%
AMZNAmazon.com$1,724,530432.40%1830.80%-6%
DPZDomino’s Pizza$15,467194.90%2812.80%-6%
BBYBest Buy Co$30,627177.30%20.80%8%
BLLBall$29,28686.80%274.00%-10%
DHID.R. Horton$28,49676.00%447.30%19%
HDHome Depot$308,84570.80%782.20%-1%
EBAYeBay$38,75938.10%183.10%25%
DRIDarden Restaurants$13,030-1.10%-11.50%-22%

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There are plenty of great stocks in the consumer discretionary sector, with a strong 5-year and 10-year performance.

Top Performing ETFs in the Consumer Discretionary Sector

TickerCompanyExpense Ratio5-Year Return vs S&P 50010Y Return vs S&P 500
FDISFidelity MSCI Consumer Discretionary Index ETF0.08%34.10%– 
ITBiShares U.S. Home Construction ETF0.42%26.40%160.00%
RTHVanEck Vectors Retail ETF0.35%26.00%– 
VCRVanguard Consumer Discretionary Index Fund ETF Shares0.10%25.60%153.40%
XLYConsumer Discretionary Select Sector SPDR Fund0.13%20.00%152.30%
IYCiShares U.S. Consumer Services ETF0.43%-4.10%94.00%
JHMCJohn Hancock Multifactor Consumer Discretionary ETF0.40%-23.70%– 

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With the lowest expense ratio and the best 5-year performance versus the S&P 500, the Fidelity MSCI Consumer Discretionary Index ETF is certainly worth a closer look.  You can perform deep-dive research into every single ETF on the US stock market with Stock Rover.

How to Trade the Consumer Discretionary Stock Sector

Some Consumer Discretionary investors follow Warren Buffett’s lead and seek products consumers always need or want.

Others purchase companies that reflect changing lifestyles. Many investors buy home-improvement companies such as Home Depot (HD) and Lowe’s (LOW) because those retailers sell tools and building supplies for remodeling projects. Many people are remodeling their homes because they have lots of free time because of the coronavirus pandemic.

Amazon (AMZN) is a popular consumer-discretionary stock because it offers a wide variety of products. Some Consumer Discretionary investors track indicators such as automobile sales, retail foot-traffic, and retail revenues.

The iShares Global Consumer Discretionary ETF (RXI) offers a snapshot of worldwide consumer demand. The RXI invests in the stocks in the S&P Global 1200 Consumer Discretionary (Sector) Capped Index. The RXI’s performance can show you if global consumer demand is rising or falling.

The Consumer Staples Stock Sector

Consumer Staples are essential products people need to survive. The classic example of a Consumer Staple is food.

Warren Buffett buys Consumer Staples because people have to buy those products in any economy. Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.B) owns large amounts of the grocer Kroger (KR) and the food manufacturer Kraft Heinz (KHC).

Revenues and profits at Consumer Staples companies can show how much money people have. The Market Volumes of Consumer Staples Stocks can show how much faith investors have in the economy.

Popular Consumer Staples stocks include Procter & Gamble (PG), Walmart (WMT), Costco Wholesale Corp (COST), and Amazon (AMZN). Investors put retailers such as Amazon (AMZN) in this sector because Amazon sells enormous amounts of Consumer Staples. Some analysts strangely consider soda pop makers such as Coca-Cola (KO) and tobacco companies such as Philip Morris International (PM) Consumer Staples Stocks.

Top Performing Stocks in the Consumer Stables Sector

TickerCompanyMarket Cap ($M)5Y Return vs S&P 50010-Year Return vs S&P 500Margin of Safety
DGDollar General$55,020146.80%446.80%-13%
ELEstee Lauder Cos$82,00191.00%394.90%-9%
COSTCostco Wholesale$166,12375.30%393.60%-15%
CHDChurch & Dwight Co$23,06633.90%260.60%-2%
CLXClorox$27,1889.30%50.20%-2%
BF.BBrown-Forman$36,6107.90%239.20%-14%
HSYHershey$30,803-21.20%5.60%14%
HRLHormel Foods$27,034-27.40%175.80%0%
DLTRDollar Tree$22,677-41.80%9.30%10%

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From our research Dollar General, Estee Lauder, Costco Wholesale and Church & Dwight Co. have product excellent market-beating returns over the last 5 & 10-year periods.

Top Performing ETFs in the Consumer Stables Sector

TickerCompanyExpense Ratio5-Year Return vs S&P 50010Y Return vs S&P 500
IYKiShares U.S. Consumer Goods ETF0.43%-31.00%-49.70%
XLPConsumer Staples Select Sector SPDR Fund0.13%-39.90%-60.90%
FSTAFidelity MSCI Consumer Staples Index ETF0.08%-41.40%– 
VDCVanguard Consumer Staples Index Fund ETF Shares0.10%-41.80%-60.20%
PSLInvesco DWA Consumer Staples Momentum ETF0.60%-43.60%-32.60%

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Considering that the entire list of Consumer Staples ETFs has significantly lost out to the S&P500 over the last 5 and 10-year period, we suggest it is not a good idea to invest in an ETF tracking this sector.

How to Trade Consumer Staples Stocks

Many Consumer Staples investors look at the products in their pantries and refrigerators to learn the manufacturers’ identities. Those investors buy those companies’ stocks.

Others look for companies that make purchasing Consumer Staples easy and convenient. Those companies include Amazon (AMZN), Walmart (WMT), and Costco (COST).

The Energy Stock Sector

The term Energy Stock Sector is misleading because this classification excludes solar, wind, and other renewable energy companies. The GCIS, instead, puts renewable energy companies in the Utility Sector.

The Energy Stock Sector includes any company that extracts or makes burnable fuels. Most Energy Sector Stocks are fossil fuel makers, including oil and gas companies and coal miners. Companies that own oil wells and oil refinery operators are energy sector stocks.

Companies that make biofuels such as ethanol, fuels made from plants such as grain, are Energy Sector Stocks. The GCIS also lists companies that provide equipment and services for fossil fuel producers as energy stocks. That includes companies that make oil and gas drilling equipment.

Analysts usually consider energy stocks as value investments and defensive stocks. Value investors buy Energy Sector Stocks because they often generate enormous amounts of cash. Energy Sector Stocks often pay high dividends, so analysts classify them as Widows and Orphans stocks.

Many investors have moral objections to Energy Sector Stocks because of Global Warming. In recent years, the Energy Sector has become unstable and made less money because of falling prices and the growing popularity of electric vehicles and solar energy.

Best Performing Stocks in the Energy Sector

TickerCompanyMarket Cap ($M)5Y Return vs S&P 50010-Year Return vs S&P 500Margin of Safety
CVXChevron$143,432-89.50%-238.80%17%
COGCabot Oil & Gas$7,800-103.20%-96.80%16%
COPConocoPhillips$38,172-120.20%-258.20%10%
HESHess$11,868-122.40%-298.00%
EOGEOG Resources$22,247-146.40%-285.10%39%
FANGDiamondback Energy$4,924-151.40%– 
CXOConcho Resources$8,796-153.90%-302.80%-8%
HALHalliburton$11,182-157.00%-326.40%-1%
FTITechnipFMC$3,230-164.80%-347.00%-12%

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As you can see the Energy Sector is a complete disaster. As planet earth moves to clean energy the Energy Sector (which does not track clean energy) suffers. However, the near-collapse of the traditional energy sector is leading to a surge in investment and capital inflows into Ethical, Social & Governance (ESG) investing and ETFs.

Energy Sector ETF Performance

TickerCompanyExpense Ratio5-Year Return vs S&P 50010Y Return vs S&P 500
ENYInvesco Canadian Energy Income ETF0.66%-114.10%-330.20%
IOILIQ Global Oil Small-Cap ETF0.79%-115.00%– 
FILLiShares MSCI Global Energy Producers ETF0.39%-124.90%– 
IXCiShares Global Energy ETF0.46%-129.40%-302.50%
XLEEnergy Select Sector SPDR Fund0.13%-137.20%-297.30%

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As you can see from the Energy Sector ETF performance, owning any ETF in this sector is a disaster for your financial wellbeing and your stress levels.

How to Trade the Energy Stock Sector

Most Energy Sector Traders monitor the price of oil and natural. Oil prices can show how much money oil producers can make.

Oil and gas industry suppliers often make more money when oil prices are high. Companies buy more drilling rigs and exploration equipment to increase production and take high oil prices. Oil and gas companies and suppliers make less money when oil prices fall.

Some energy sector investors monitor events in the Middle East and other oil-producing regions. War and unrest in the Middle East have historically disrupted oil production, driving prices. However, in recent years, the continuous wars in Iraq, Syria, and Yemen have not affected oil prices.

Other investors examine the overall economy. The belief is that the demand for fuel increases when the economy is good.

Many value investors shop for Energy Sector Stocks when oil prices are low, or the economy is bad. Other investors sell Energy Sector Stocks when oil prices rise.

A good way to explore the Energy Sector is with the Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLE) ETF. The Energy Select exchange-traded fund provides a good snapshot of the Energy Sector because it invests in large-cap US energy producers.

Many growth investors now avoid the Energy Sector because some technology stocks grow faster and generate more cash than energy stocks. Thus, Information Technology Sector companies such as Apple (AAPL) and Alphabet (GOOG) have replaced Exxon-Mobil (XOM) and other oil companies as Blue Chip leaders.

Financial Services

Many people think of the Financial Sector as banking. The Financial Sector includes banks, but it also encompasses investment firms, stock brokerages, money managers, and some insurance and real estate firms.

Some definitions put Financial Technology (FinTech) stocks such as PayPal (PYPL) and Square (SQ) in the Financial Sector. Wall Street is a popular term many Americans use to describe the Financial Sector. Many British observers call the Financial Sector “the City,” after the City of London.

Many investors avoid Financial Stocks because Finance is more volatile than in other sectors. Others monitor Financial Stocks because a strong Financial Sector can indicate a strong economy. Similarly, a weak Financial Sector is an indicator of a weak economy.

Warren Buffett likes the Financial Sector because it generates and accumulates enormous amounts of cash. The Financial Sector is vulnerable to interest rates because banks rely on loans for revenue.

Some investors love the Financial Sector because the government could bail out some large banks and financial companies because they are “too big to fail.” Several governments bailed out large financial institutions after the 2008 Financial Meltdown. This offers a higher margin of safety.

Top-performing Stocks in the Financial Services Sector

TickerCompanyMarket Cap ($M)5Y Return vs S&P 50010-Year Return vs S&P 500Margin of Safety
AJGArthur J. Gallagher$20,96796.80%191.00%-14%
AONAon$49,69354.70%238.30%1%
ICEIntercontinental Exchange$57,78641.70%127.20%3%
CMECME Group$60,96637.90%115.80%-4%
BLKBlackRock$93,76028.50%80.30%-15%
FRCFirst Republic Bank$21,6198.50%– -23%
BACBank of America$222,494-11.40%-154.20%2%
BRK.BBerkshire Hathaway$516,186-31.10%-109.60%-16%
AXPAmerican Express$85,838-43.70%-48.40%-2%
GSGoldman Sachs Group$73,673-64.20%-209.20%

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Interestingly some of the giants of the financial world have still not recovered from the financial crisis in 2008. Household names such as Bank of America, Berkshire Hathaway, American Express, and Goldman Sachs Group have failed to keep up with the performance of the S&P 500.

Top Performing ETFs in the Financial Services Sector

TickerCompanyExpense RatioNet Assets ($M)5-Year Return vs S&P 50010Y Return vs S&P 500
KRESPDR S&P Regional Banking ETF0.35%$1,176-87.30%-159.40%
KBESPDR S&P Bank ETF0.35%$1,184-85.70%-201.30%
IYFiShares U.S. Financials ETF0.42%$1,248-42.00%-104.00%
IYGiShares U.S. Financial Services ETF0.42%$1,763-32.50%-84.70%

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From our research, investing in a broad financial sector ETF is not in your best interest. The best performing financial sector ETF, the iShares U.S. Financial Services ETF lost out significantly to the market by a whopping -84%.

10 Year Financial Services & Consumer Discretionary Stock Sector Performance vs. S&P 500
10 Year Financial Services & Consumer Discretionary Stock Sector Performance vs. S&P 500

How to Trade the Financial Stock Sector

Some Financial Sector investors seek large cash-rich financial institutions because they offer high margins of safety. Others invest in smaller, duller, and less risky regional banks and similar institutions.

Many investors avoid finance because the industry can be deceptive. Several supposedly healthy giant financial institutions, including Lehman Brothers, Northern Rock, American Home Mortgage, Bear Stearns, Merrill Lynch, and American International Group (AIG), collapsed or nearly collapsed during the 2008 Financial Crisis.

Buying a diversified index of Financial Stocks is the best way to limit risks. The SPDR S&P Bank ETF (KBE) invests in the S&P Banks Select Industry Index. The SPDR S&P Bank invests in giant banks such as JPMorgan Chase (JPM) and smaller institutions such as First Republic Bank (FRC).

Healthcare

The Healthcare Sector includes all businesses that manufacture and market medical goods and services.

The Healthcare Sector also includes drug and pharmaceutical manufacturers, hospital and clinic operators, nursing home operators, and health insurance companies. Analysts classify drugstore operators such as Walgreens (WBA) as healthcare companies.

A growing trend in healthcare is consolidation. The American company CVS (CVS) now owns an insurance company and an enormous drug store chain, for example.

Many investors like the Healthcare Sector because customers have no choice but to buy many of its products and services. Many people will die without drugs, surgeries, and medical devices, for example.

Healthcare is appealing because governments and insurance companies pay many of the bills. In the United States, almost everybody over 65 uses the Medicare single-payer health insurance program. The National Health Service (NHS) pays for healthcare for all British subjects.

Healthcare is one of the fastest-growing sectors because of an aging population and rising ill-health rates in some nations. The US Census Bureau estimates 54 million Americans were over age 65 in 2019, for instance. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 30% of Americans could suffer from Metabolic Syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome is a precursor to serious problems such as diabetes and heart disease.

Top Performing Stock in the Healthcare Sector

TickerCompanyMarket Cap ($M)5Y Return vs S&P 50010-Year Return vs S&P 500Margin of Safety
ALGNAlign Tech$26,452393.00%1319.50%-11%
IDXXIDEXX Laboratories$35,671364.30%994.00%-13%
DXCMDexCom$37,739312.30%2446.20%-4%
ISRGIntuitive Surgical$88,432298.60%421.50%-4%
BIOBio-Rad Laboratories$16,829215.10%254.70%13%
CTLTCatalent$15,630193.80%– 
DHRDanaher$160,149149.80%388.30%1%
EWEdwards Lifesciences$52,860147.80%394.10%-6%
ABMDAbiomed$12,516141.50%2224.90%-7%
AAgilent Technologies$32,563113.60%112.00%1%
ABTAbbott Laboratories$196,617102.00%225.80%2%
COOCooper Companies$19,23666.10%364.40%9%
BAXBaxter International$40,31157.80%28.70%33%
BSXBoston Scientific$60,04554.40%315.30%-8%
HUMHumana$56,95452.20%527.00%-1%
IQVIQVIA Holdings$32,60449.80%– 14%
ILMNIllumina$51,56547.00%338.60%-5%
CNCCentene$37,83934.60%717.10%17%
ANTMAnthem$75,09229.70%256.00%7%
DGXQuest Diagnostics$15,74610.70%-92.00%31%

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Healthcare is one of the fastest-growing sectors because of an aging population and rising ill-health rates in some nations. The US Census Bureau estimates 54 million Americans were over age 65 in 2019, for instance. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 30% of Americans could suffer from Metabolic Syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome is a precursor to serious problems such as diabetes and heart disease.

Top Performing ETFs for the Healthcare Sector

TickerCompanyNet Assets ($M)Expense Ratio5-Year Return vs S&P 50010Y Return vs S&P 500
ARKGARK Genomic Revolution ETF$2,2730.75%225.10%– 
IHIiShares U.S. Medical Devices ETF$8,2550.42%86.00%242.70%
PTHInvesco DWA Healthcare Momentum ETF$6650.60%85.90%228.50%
XHESPDR S&P Health Care Equipment ETF$5790.35%61.30%– 
PSCHInvesco S&P SmallCap Health Care ETF$4090.29%15.70%197.20%
XBISPDR S&P Biotech ETF$5,2410.35%-2.90%240.40%
VHTVanguard Health Care Index Fund ETF Shares$13,2400.10%-11.80%80.70%
FHLCFidelity MSCI Health Care Index ETF$2,0560.08%-12.20%

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ETFs covering the Healthcare Sector usually focus on specific sub-industries, so you will need to pick the ETF in which to invest wisely. The ARK Genomic Revolution ETF, iShares U.S. Medical Devices ETF, Invesco DWA Healthcare Momentum ETF, and SPDR S&P Health Care Equipment ETF have performed exceptionally well against the S&P 500.

How to Invest in the Healthcare Stock Sector

Many Healthcare Stock Investors look for companies developing treatments, drugs, or vaccines for widespread diseases.

Many Healthcare Investors bought stocks such as Regeneron (REGN) and BioNTech (BNTX) in 2020. Regeneron is testing a possible coronavirus treatment they call REGN-COV2, and BioNTech is testing a potential COVID-19. Others invest in companies, such as Abbott Laboratories (ABT), that manufacture coronavirus tests.

One interesting healthcare ETF is the ARK Genomic Revolution ETF (ARKG). The ARKG invests in emerging biotechnology research companies such as Compugen (CGEN). The ARK Genomic Revolution’s managers try to identify biotech companies developing products for fast-growing diseases.

Industrials

Industrial Stocks were the backbone of the US, Japanese, and European stock markets throughout the 20th Century.

The term Industrials refers to companies that manufacture machinery, tools, aircraft, weapons, and munitions. Analysts often classify transportation and logistics companies that serve heavy industry as Industrial Stocks.

Industrials Stocks are confusing because the sector includes railroads such as Union Pacific (UNP), technology companies such as Siemens AG (SIE.DE), and defense contractors such as Raytheon Technologies Corp (RTX). The Industrials Sector can include chemical companies such as 3M (MMM), delivery services such as UPS (UPS), and vehicle manufacturers, including Caterpillar (CAT).

Industrial Stocks drove stock market performance until the 1980s. Technology Stocks have replaced Industrials as the most-watched stocks in modern markets.

Many investors use Industrial Stocks as an economic indicator. Rising revenues and profits at Industrial Companies can indicate increased production and economic growth. Falling revenues and profits for Industrials can indicate a downturn.

Best Performing Stocks in the Industrials Sector

TickerCompanyMarket Cap ($M)5Y Return vs S&P 50010-Year Return vs S&P 500Margin of Safety
CPRTCopart$27,629476.90%995.70%-17%
CTASCintas$36,514212.10%1108.00%-9%
DEDeere$74,119141.90%27.00%-23%
CSXCSX$60,867111.90%135.70%10%
FASTFastenal$27,32788.60%102.20%-10%
GPNGlobal Payments$54,80382.20%584.90%10%
CATCaterpillar$88,05476.00%-98.80%-17%
DOVDover$16,40872.50%47.60%11%
IEXIDEX$14,28571.90%237.90%-6%
ITWIllinois Tool Works$64,43768.60%166.80%-3%
AVYAvery Dennison$10,79247.10%63.00%-14%
ETNEaton Corp$43,29444.20%-10.20%6%
INFOIHS Markit$31,75342.60%41.90%-8%
CMICummins$32,74737.40%-63.10%6%
HONHoneywell International$123,0649.20%139.10%-2%
AMEAMETEK$24,7156.40%160.60%-1%
EXPDExpeditors International$15,6355.50%-146.00%-8%
ADPAutomatic Data Processing$64,7263.30%161.10%-10%
GWWW.W. Grainger$20,821-1.50%9.60%2%
ALLEAllegion$9,939-2.50%22%
FDXFedEx$71,818-5.60%-30.50%-1%

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Stocks such as Copart (CPRT), Cintas (CTAS), CSX (CSX), Fastenal (FAST), and Global Payments (GPN) have posted outstanding performance on both a 5-year and 10-year history against the S&P 500. Additionally, both CSX and Global Payments still have a 10% margin of safety, which is interesting to investors looking for growth and a value play.

Industrial Sector ETF Performance

TickerCompanyExpense Ratio5-Year Return vs S&P 50010Y Return vs S&P 500
PRNInvesco DWA Industrials Momentum ETF0.60%-4.20%-30.40%
XARSPDR S&P Aerospace & Defense ETF0.35%-8.30%
IYJiShares U.S. Industrials ETF0.42%-10.20%-26.30%
RGIInvesco S&P 500 Equal Weight Industrials ETF0.40%-12.70%-33.70%
PPAInvesco Aerospace & Defense ETF0.59%-15.70%6.20%
EVXVanEck Vectors Environmental Services ETF0.55%-17.90%-121.00%

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Investing in an Industrial Sector ETF would be unwise and the table above shows, even the best performing ETFs lose out to the overall market.

 How to Trade the Industrials Stock Sector

The best way to trade and monitor the Industrials Sectors is to track an exchange-traded fund such as the iShares Global Industrials ETF (EXI).

This fund invests around 90% of its assets in the S&P Global 1200 Industrials Index. The advantage of the iShares Global Industrials ETF is that it offers a snapshot of global industrial performance and the world’s economy.

Real Estate

Real Estate Stocks include companies that own, manage, market, finance, and construct properties.

Analysts traditionally divide the Real Estate Sector into three categories; residential, commercial, and industrial. Residential Real Estate includes all forms of housing. Commercial Real Estate includes retail and office properties. Industrial Real Estate includes factories, plants, power plants, utility infrastructure, warehouses, fulfillment centers, and other industrial infrastructure.

Other kinds of real estate investments; include mortgage companies, real estate sales organizations, and organizations that sell property-related goods and services. Examples of such stocks include real estate agencies such as RE/Max Holdings (RMAX) and Zillow’s real estate company (ZG). Other real estate-related stocks include mortgage providers such as Rocket Mortgage (RKT).

Real Estate Stocks are risky because the real estate market is volatile. The 2007-2008 Market Collapse occurred because of financial companies invested in risky mortgage-backed securities.

Top Performing Stocks in the Real-Estate Sector

TickerCompanyMarket Cap ($M)5Y Return vs S&P 50010-Year Return vs S&P 500Margin of Safety
EQIXEquinix$73,945145.00%1004.60%
AMTAmerican Tower$109,28693.30%202.20%7%
DLRDigital Realty Trust$44,34178.50%37.10%-4%
CCICrown Castle Intl$70,60055.10%142.00%10%
DREDuke Realty$15,00739.40%136.30%-11%
AREAlexandria Real Estate$21,04820.60%-49.70%1%
EXRExtra Space Storage$14,702-18.60%621.60%-6%
CBRECBRE Group$16,867-42.50%-107.50%1%
IRMIron Mountain$8,169-67.20%-76.90%37%
AIVApartment Inv & Mgmt$5,458-81.90%-148.90%
ESSEssex Property Trust$14,147-84.10%-106.90%-9%
AVBAvalonBay Communities$22,392-89.40%-170.20%1%

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We highlight 5 key stocks in the real-estate sector for an outstanding performance against the benchmark S&P 500 index. Equinix is a provider of datacenter spec globally and American Tower provides the infrastructure and real-estate for cellular communications.

Largest REITs in the Real-Estate Sector Performance

TickerCompanyExpense RatioNet Assets ($M)5-Year Return vs S&P 50010Y Return vs S&P 500
REMiShares Mortgage Real Estate Capped ETF0.48%$1,048-86.90%-231.10%
FRELFidelity MSCI Real Estate Index ETF0.08%$1,072-58.20%
RWRSPDR Dow Jones REIT ETF0.25%$1,202-83.40%-172.10%
USRTiShares Core U.S. REIT ETF0.08%$1,383-70.30%-161.50%
ICFiShares Cohen & Steers REIT ETF0.34%$1,820-63.10%-138.40%

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The 5 largest ETFs in the real-estate sector have failed the beat the market over a 5 or 10 year period. In fact, the sector as a whole cannot keep up with the performance of the S&P 500 or the NASDAQ 100.

How to Invest in the Real Estate Stock Sector

Most Real Estate Stocks are Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs). A REIT is a publicly-traded company and owns management real estate.

A REIT usually specializes in the ownership of one type of property. The Simon Property Group (SPG) specializes in mall ownership, and ProLogis (PLD) owns warehouses and fulfillment centers. The Digital Reality (DLTR) owns data centers which support the internet, social media, and cloud computing. Some REITs do invest in mortgage-backed securities and mortgages, which can generate high risks.

Investors like REITs because they often pay high dividends. REITs can be unstable because they are not diversified investments. Shopping center owners such as Simon Property Group can collapse fast if retailers stop paying rent because of an economic downturn.

Industrial REITs such as ProLogis (PLD) and the Digital Realty Trust (DLR) offers a cheaper means of investing in e-commerce. ProLogis can lease warehouses and fulfillment centers to online retailers such as Amazon (AMZN). The Digital Realty Trust can lease space to social media giants such as Facebook (FB) and many other organizations.

The Schwab U.S. REIT ETF (SCHH) is a diversified investment in REITs. The SCHH owns stocks on the Dow Jones Equity All REIT Capped Index. The SCHH invests in office building companies such as the American Tower Corporation (AMT), ProLogis (PLD), and the Digital Realty Trust (DLR).

Technology

The term Information Technology Stocks is misleading because it is a catchall phrase that includes a wide variety of technological goods and services. The Information Technology Stock Sector includes everything from software to consumer electronics to cloud services to social media to streaming video to business services to e-commerce.

Many Information Stock Companies operate in other sectors. Amazon (AMZN) sells both Cloud Services and Consumers Staples, for example. Netflix (NFLX) is a technology company that sells Consumer Discretionary products (videos), for instance.

Plus, Disney (DIS) operates video-streaming services, resorts, theme parks, a consumer products business, and movies students. Thus you can classify Disney as an Information Technology company and a Consumer Discretionary business.

Analysts classify many Technology companies, including Ford (F) and Toyota (TM), as Consumer Discretionary Stocks. Both Ford and Toyota, however, now invest heavily in Information Technology through their autonomous vehicle projects.

Even the investment bank Goldman Sachs (GS) can be considered a technology company. Goldman Sachs CEO David Solomon claims his bank employs 9,000 engineers who make up one-third of its workforce.

10 Best Performing Stocks in the Technology Sector

TickerCompanyMarket Cap ($M)5Y Return vs S&P 50010-Year Return vs S&P 500Margin of Safety
AVGOBroadcom$154,693181.70%1799.20%13%
ADBEAdobe$245,083415.40%1477.60%-5%
CDNSCadence Design Systems$32,217340.20%1123.60%-2%
AAPLApple$2,127,560289.10%980.80%-11%
AMDAdvanced Micro Devices$98,9614314.10%785.20%-17%
FTNTFortinet$20,856107.80%662.00%9%
CRMSalesforce.com$243,033158.60%643.50%-12%
IPGPIPG Photonics$9,68732.80%462.10%-5%
BRBroadridge Financial Soln$16,42778.10%443.30%-9%
FISVFiserv$71,43837.40%419.50%15%

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Over the last 10 years, the top 3 performing companies in the technology sector are  Broadcom +1799%, Adobe +1477%, and Cadence Design Systems +1123%.  The Bohemoth Apple Inc. with a market capitalization of $2.2 trillion comes in 4th place with a market-beating 980%.

10 Year Technology Stock Sector Performance vs. S&P 500
10 Year Technology Stock Sector Performance vs. S&P 500

How to Trade Information Technology Stocks

Today many people call Information Technology Sector, Tech, Technology, or Silicon Valley.

Many investors love technology stocks because of the high rates of growth. Many people buy the so-called FANG and FAANG stocks because those shares offer high rates of growth.

FANG stands for Facebook (FB), Amazon (AMZN), Netflix (NFLX), and Google (GOOG). They now call Google Alphabet (GOOGL). The FAANG stands for Facebook (FB), Apple (AAPL), Netflix (NFLX), and Google (GOOG).

Buffett invests in Apple (AAPL), for example. Many people consider Apple’s smartphones essential to their lifestyle.

One of the best ways to invest in Information Technology Stocks is to invest in a Tech Stock Index. The simplest way to invest in an index is to buy a technology Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF) such as the NYSE Technology ETF (XNTK). Fund managers invest 80% of the XNTK’s assets in the NYSE Technology Index. The New York Stock Exchange Technology Index includes 35 of the top US technology companies.

Top Performing Technology Sector ETFs

TickerCompanyExpense RatioNet Assets ($M)5-Year Return vs S&P 50010Y Return vs S&P 500
ARKWARK Next Generation Internet ETF0.76%$2,436442.80%
SOXXiShares PHLX Semiconductor ETF0.46%$3,684218.40%404.70%
SMHVanEck Vectors Semiconductor ETF0.35%$2,733198.80%382.30%
ARKQARK Autonomous Technology & Robotics ETF0.75%$633167.80%
XSDSPDR S&P Semiconductor ETF0.35%$534164.10%277.70%
PSIInvesco Dynamic Semiconductors ETF0.57%$266163.50%298.70%
IGViShares Expanded Tech-Software Sector ETF0.46%$5,315144.10%285.40%
VGTVanguard Information Technology Index Fund ETF Shares0.10%$41,473140.70%289.40%
FTECFidelity MSCI Information Technology Index ETF0.08%$4,589131.80%
IYWiShares U.S. Technology ETF0.43%$6,080130.10%228.20%
XNTKSPDR NYSE Technology ETF0.35%$501130.10%232.30%
XLKTechnology Select Sector SPDR Fund0.13%$34,141127.50%249.00%

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Overall there are 28 ETFs that have beaten the S&P 500 over the last 5 years. The technology sector is simply the best performing sector in the entire US stock market. The top 3 high performing ETFs are the ARK Next Generation Internet ETF, iShares PHLX, Semiconductor ETF, and the VanEck Vectors Semiconductor ETF

Utilities

The Utilities Sector consists of companies that provide essential services to homes and businesses. Those services include electricity, natural gas, water, and sewer.

Most Utility Stocks are energy providers such as electric companies. Many Utility Companies operate infrastructure that delivers those services. Some electric companies own power lines but no generating plants, for example.

The GCIS defines companies that own generating plants as Utility Companies. That makes most “Green Energy” companies that own solar farms, wind farms, and other renewable energy plants Utility Stocks.

Utilities have a sector because the government regulates utilities more extensively than normal companies. In the United States, special state agencies and cities regulate many utilities.

Analysts do not consider some companies that governments regulate in the same way utilities, however. That includes cable television companies, telecoms, and internet providers.

Many people have historically considered Utility Shares widows and orphans stocks. Analysts make this definition because Utility Stocks are stable, unsexy, and generate large amounts of Float from monthly bills. Warren Buffett owns many utilities, including Nevada Energy, through Berkshire Hathaway (NYSE: BRK.B) because of the float.

There is evidence that Utilities are no longer widows and orphans stocks because of Global Warming. Pacific Gas & Electric (NYSE: PCG), a massive gas and electric utility in California, declared bankruptcy in 2019 because of losses from Climate Change caused fires.

Top Performing Stocks in the Utilities Sector

TickerCompanyMarket Cap ($M)5Y Return vs S&P 50010-Year Return vs S&P 500
AWKAmerican Water Works Co$28,688110.40%475.90%
CMSCMS Energy$18,63116.30%115.30%
ATOAtmos Energy$11,917-12.00%74.30%
ESEversource Energy$31,88817.10%52.00%
AEEAmeren$20,39326.10%50.00%
AEPAmerican Electric Power$44,892-6.70%2.80%
DTEDTE Energy$23,268-18.60%2.50%
EVRGEvergy$12,121-35.50%-53.30%

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The Utility sector is the place to go if you are looking for regular income through dividend payments.  But the lack of growth could hurt your investments in the long-term. However, a few companies have managed solid performance against the market, especially American Water Works Co +475% and CMS Energy +115% over 10 years.

Utilities Stock Sector ETF Performance

TickerCompanyExpense Ratio5-Year Return vs S&P 50010Y Return vs S&P 500
UTESVirtus Reaves Utilities ETF0.49%-19.30%
XLUUtilities Select Sector SPDR Fund0.13%-22.30%-80.40%
VPUVanguard Utilities Index Fund ETF Shares0.10%-23.30%-78.70%
FUTYFidelity MSCI Utilities Index ETF0.08%-23.60%
YLCOGlobal X YieldCo & Renewable Energy Income ETF0.65%-25.50%
IDUiShares U.S. Utilities ETF0.43%-27.70%-88.20%

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You would be well advised to avoid all Utility Sector ETFs and none of them come close to even matching the performance of the market.

How to Invest in the Utilities Stock Sector

One safe way to invest in the Utilities Sector is to buy stocks in companies that own energy transmission infrastructure. That includes grid operators and distribution network owners and energy traders and marketers.

Another strategy is to buy companies making massive investments in solar energy, wind, nuclear, and other sources that do not produce greenhouse gases. Solar energy companies include Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.B) and other utilities that build solar farms and manufacturers of equipment such as Tesla (NYSE: TSLA). An advantage to such Clean Energy investment is that many governments offer huge incentives to Green Energy companies.

An interesting alternative to traditional Utility Stocks is the Invesco WilderHill Clean Energy ETF (PBW). The PBW invests in stocks on the WilderHill Clean Energy Index of US-listed Green Energy companies.

Those seeking a traditional Utility Stock ETF can examine the Vanguard Utilities ETF (VPU). The VPU invests in the stocks on the MSCI US Investable Market Index Utilities. The VPU’s holdings include Duke Energy (DUK), Dominion Energy (D), the Southern Company (SO), and Xcel Energy Inc. (XEL). The VPU owns many traditional Utility Stocks that are heavily exposed to global warming.

Stock Sectors Summary

Over the last 10 years, only 3 stock sectors have outperformed the S&P 500. The Technology Sector beat the S&P by +292.80%, the Consumer Discretionary Sector outperformed by +153.60%, and finally, Healthcare performed well over 10 years with +80.40%. All other sectors have lagged behind the S&P 500, with the worst-performing sector being Energy with -307%.

Understanding the 11 Stock Sectors can show you where to invest and how to invest. Learning about the 11 Stock Sectors can show you how the economy and the markets work.

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