12 Accurate Chart Patterns Proven Profitable & Reliable

How To Detect & Trade Profitable Stock Chart Patterns.

Research shows the most reliable chart patterns are the Head and Shoulders, with an 89% success rate, the Double Bottom (88%), and the Triple Bottom and Descending Triangle (87%). The Rectangle Top is the most profitable, with a 51% average win.

We know chart patterns’ success rates and profitability because Tom Bulkowski, the author of The Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns, has spent decades researching this topic. I thank Tom for his permission to use a few of his valuable insights.

Chart Pattern Reliability, Success & Profitability

This table shows the chart pattern success rate/probability of a price increase in a bull market and the average price increase after emerging from the pattern. For example, the inverse head and shoulders pattern has an 89% chance of success when the price moves up through the resistance level, and the average gain is 45%.

Reliable Chart Patterns Success Rate Average Price Change
Inverse Head & Shoulders 89% 45%
Double Bottom 88% 50%
Triple Bottom 87% 45%
Descending Triangle 87% 38%
Rectangle Top 85% 51%
Rectangle Bottom 85% 48%
Bull Flag 85% 39%
Ascending Triangle 83% 43%
Rising Wedge 81% 38%
Head-and-shoulders top* 81% -16%
Rectangle Bottom* 76% -16%
Falling Wedge 74% 38%
Pennant Patterns (Avoid) 46% 7%

Performance Data Courtesy of thepatternsite.com permission granted by Tom Bulkowski. *Figures for a downward break through the support line.

12 Accurate Chart Patterns Proven Profitable & Reliable
12 Accurate Chart Patterns Proven Profitable & Reliable
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How to Identify Chart Patterns?

Traditionally, identifying chart patterns on a stock chart, drawing trendlines, and plotting target prices required manual effort. However, with the advent of TradingView, most chart patterns can now be automatically detected, streamlining the analysis process for professionals. TradingView is the number one charting service in the world and is loved by Liberated Stock Trader readers.

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12 Reliable & Profitable Chart Patterns

1. Inverse Head & Shoulders – 89% Success

An inverse head and shoulders stock chart pattern has an 89% success rate for a reversal of an existing downtrend. With an average price increase of 45%, this is one of the most reliable chart patterns.

The inverse head and shoulders occurs when the price of security hits the bottom three times, with two troughs forming the “shoulders” and the third lower trough forming the “head.” This pattern can indicate that the security’s price could soon begin to move higher.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
Inverse Head and Shoulders 89% +45%
Head & Shoulders Bottom Stock Chart Pattern
Inverse Head & Shoulders Bottom (Inverse H&S) Stock Chart Pattern With Target Reached

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Identifying an Inverse Head and Shoulders

To identify an inverse head and shoulders pattern, look for three distinct lows in the security’s price on intraday, daily, and weekly charts. The middle low (head) should be significantly lower than the other shoulders. Look for a confirmation of a trend reversal by watching for a breakout either above the upper resistance line or below the lower support line.

If the security price breaks out above the resistance line, it could signal that the security has completed its reversal. In contrast, a break below the support line could signal a resumption of the downtrend.

2. Double Bottom – 88% Success

A double-bottom chart pattern has an 88% success rate on a reversal of an existing downtrend. When the price breaks through resistance, it has an average 50% price increase; the only pattern better than this is a cup and handle.

The double bottom occurs when the security price hits the bottom twice, creating a “W”-shaped pattern. This pattern often indicates that the stock’s price could soon increase. However, it should be noted that this indicator does not guarantee a reversal in direction.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
Double Bottom 88% 50%
Double Bottom Chart Pattern With Target Reached
Double Bottom Chart Pattern With Target Reached

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Identifying a Double-Bottom

To identify a double bottom chart pattern, investors should look for two distinct lows in the security’s price that form a “W”-shaped pattern. Generally, the pattern should be visible on an intraday and daily chart. After identifying the two bottoms, investors can look for a confirmation of a trend reversal by watching for a breakout either above the upper resistance line or below the lower support line.

If the security price breaks out above the resistance line, it could signal that the security has completed its reversal. In contrast, a break below the support line could signal a resumption of the downtrend. It should be noted that further confirmation of this stock chart pattern should not be relied upon until after prices have moved beyond these levels.

3. Triple Bottom – 87% Success

A triple bottom chart pattern indicates the potential for a reversal of an existing downtrend with an 87% probability of success and an average 45% price increase.

A triple bottom occurs when the price hits the bottom three times, creating a “VVV”-shaped pattern. This pattern often indicates that the asset price could soon begin to increase.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
Triple Bottom 87% 45%
Triple Bottom Chart Pattern With Target Reached
Triple Bottom Chart Pattern With Target Reached

Identifying a Triple Bottom

To identify this stock chart pattern, investors should look for three distinct lows in the security’s price that form a “WV”-shaped pattern. Generally, the pattern should be visible on a daily and weekly chart. After identifying the three bottoms, investors can look for a confirmation of a trend reversal by watching for a breakout either above the upper resistance line or below the lower support line. If the security price breaks out above the resistance line, it could signal that the security has completed its reversal. In contrast, a break below the support line could signal a resumption of the downtrend.

4. Descending Triangle – 87% Success

A descending triangle chart pattern highlights the potential for a reversal or continuation of an existing downtrend. When the price breaks up through resistance, there is an 87% chance of success with a 38% average profit.

A descending triangle occurs when the price forms two downward-sloping trendlines that converge towards each other, creating a triangle-shaped pattern pointing downwards. This pattern can indicate that the security’s price could soon begin to move higher.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
Descending Triangle 87% 38%

 

Descending Triangle Pattern
Descending Triangle Pattern

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Identifying a Descending Triangle

To identify a Descending Triangle chart pattern, investors should look for two downward-sloping trendlines that form a descending triangle. Generally, the pattern should be visible on intraday and daily charts. After identifying the two trendlines, investors can look for a confirmation of a trend reversal by watching for a breakout either above the upper resistance line or below the lower support line. If the security price breaks out above the resistance line, it could signal that the downtrend is now over, while a break below the support line could signal the continuation of the trend.

Descending Triangle: Trading An 87% Success Rate

5. Rectangle Top – 85% Success

A rectangular top chart pattern suggests a period of consolidation in the stock price; when the price breaks up during a bull market, there is an 85% success rate, with a 51% profit potential.

A rectangle top occurs when a security’s price is confined between two generally parallel and horizontal trendlines, which indicates that it has found support and resistance levels at similar prices. This typically occurs after an uptrend, as investors become less aggressive in bidding the price up. A rectangular top pattern can signify that the upward trend may soon end and could be followed by a sharp decline. The pattern is sometimes called a trading range, flat top, or rectangular formation.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
Rectangle Top 85% 51%
Rectangle Top - Chart Pattern
Rectangle Top – Chart Pattern

Identifying a Rectangle top

To identify a Rectangle top chart pattern, investors should look for two parallel and horizontal lines forming a rectangle. Generally, the pattern should be visible on an intraday and daily chart. The upper resistance line should identify when the security’s price struggles to move higher, and the lower support line should identify when the security’s price fails to decline further. Once these two lines have been identified, investors can look for a breakout either above the upper resistance line or below the lower support line. If the security price breaks above the upper trendline, it could signal that the security is resuming its uptrend. In contrast, a break below the lower trendline could signal a potential downtrend.

Rectangle Chart Pattern: Trade an 85% Success Rate

6. Rectangle Bottom – 85% Success

A rectangle bottom chart pattern indicates the potential for a reversal of an existing downtrend. When a price breakout occurs, there is an 85% success rate and an average gain of 48%.

A rectangle bottom pattern occurs when the price consolidates at the bottom of a downtrend, creating a “www”-shaped pattern. This pattern can indicate that the security’s price could soon begin to move higher or lower depending on the direction of the breakout.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
Rectangle Bottom 85% 48%
Rectangle Bottom Upward Breakout Chart Pattern
Rectangle Bottom Upward Breakout Chart Pattern

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Identifying a Rectangle Bottom

To identify this stock chart pattern, investors should look for at least four bounces off the support and resistance lines. Generally, the pattern should be visible on an intraday and daily chart.

7. Bull Flag – 85% Success

A high tight bull flag chart pattern suggests the potential for a continuation or reversal of an existing uptrend. When the price breaks out through resistance, there is an 85% probability of success with an average of 39% profit.

It occurs when the price of a security makes a quick and sharp rise, followed by a period of consolidation in which prices consolidate within two parallel trendlines. This pattern can indicate that the security’s price could soon begin to move higher or lower depending on the direction of the breakout.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
High Tight Bull Flag 85% 39%
High Tight Flag Chart Pattern
High Tight Flag Chart Pattern

Identifying a High-Tight Bull Flag

To identify a high tight bull flag pattern, investors should look for a sharp price rise followed by two parallel trendlines that form an ascending triangle. Generally, the pattern should be visible on intraday and daily charts. After identifying the two trendlines, investors can look for a confirmation of a trend reversal by watching for a breakout either above the upper resistance line or below the lower support line. If the security price breaks out above the resistance line, it could signal that the security resumed its uptrend, while a break below the support line could signal a downtrend.

1 Bull Flag Pattern Succeeds 85%, The Rest Fail

8. Ascending Triangle – 83% Success

When the price breaks through the upper resistance of an ascending triangle, there is an 83% chance of a successful trade with an average price increase of 43%.

It is important to note that ascending triangles can be either continuation or reversal patterns, depending on the direction of the prior trend. If the market was in an uptrend before the triangle formed, then a break above the upper trendline is likely to lead to prices continuing in the direction of the prior trend. Similarly, if the market was in a downtrend before forming an ascending triangle, a break below the lower trendline could signal a continuation.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
Ascending Triangle 83% 43%
Ascending Triangle Chart Pattern
Ascending Triangle Chart Pattern With Target Reached

Chart Pattern Auto-Detected with TradingView

Identifying an ascending triangle

The ascending triangle is formed when an upward-sloping support line and a flat resistance line create a triangle shape with its apex pointing upwards. By watching for breakouts either above or below these lines, investors can gain insight into whether or not prices will continue their current trend or reverse direction.

Ascending Triangle Pattern: Apply an 83% Success Rate To Trading

9. Rising Wedge – 81% Success

Testing shows that a Rising Wedge chart pattern suggests an average success rate of 81% during a resistance breakout during a  bull market, with an average 38% price increase.

A Rising Wedge occurs when the price of security forms two upward-sloping trendlines that converge toward each other, creating a wedge-shaped pattern pointing upwards. This pattern can indicate that the security’s price could soon begin to move lower.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
Rising Wedge 81% 38%
Rising Wedge Chart Pattern
Rising Wedge Chart Pattern

Identifying a Rising Wedge

To identify this stock chart pattern, investors should look for two upward-sloping trendlines that form an ascending triangle. Generally, the pattern should be visible in intraday and daily charts. After identifying the two trendlines, investors can look for a confirmation of a trend reversal by watching for a breakout either above the upper resistance line or below the lower support line.

If the security price breaks out above the resistance line, it could signal that the uptrend is continuing, while a break below the support line could signal a reversal of the trend and that prices are likely to move lower.

Rising Wedge Pattern: Trade an 81% Success Rate

10. Head & Shoulders Top – 81% Success

A head and shoulders top stock chart pattern suggests a reversal of an existing uptrend. While there is an 81% success rate, the average price move is only -16% during a bull market.

A head and shoulders top occurs when the asset price peaks three separate times, with two peaks forming the “shoulders” and the third higher peak forming the “head.” This pattern can indicate that the security’s price could soon begin to move lower.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
Head & Shoulders Top 81% -16%
Head & Shoulders Top Chart Pattern
Head & Shoulders Top Chart Pattern

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Identifying a Head & Shoulders Top

To identify this stock chart pattern, investors should look for three distinct peaks in the security’s price that form a head and shoulders pattern on intraday, daily, and weekly charts. After identifying the three peaks, investors can look for a confirmation of a trend reversal by watching for a breakout either above the upper resistance line or below the lower support line.

If the security price breaks out below the support line, it could signal that the security has completed its reversal. In contrast, a break above the resistance line could signal a resumption of the uptrend. It should be noted that further confirmation of this stock chart pattern should not be relied upon until after prices have moved beyond these levels.

Head & Shoulders Pattern: Trade an 81% Success Rate

11. Bearish Rectangle Bottom – 76% Success

A bearish rectangle bottom chart pattern with a downward break out indicates the continuation of an existing downtrend with a 76% probability with an average gain of -16% when shorting.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
Bearish Rectangle Bottom 76% -16%
Rectangle Bottom Downward Breakout Chart Pattern
Rectangle Bottom Downward Breakout Chart Pattern

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Identifying a Rectangle Bottom

The rectangle bottom occurs when the price of a security forms two nearly flat trendlines that form a rectangle-shaped pattern, with one trendline connecting the highs and one connecting the lows. This pattern is found during a downtrend; if the price breaks lower through the support line, the downtrend will continue. While a bearish rectangle has a solid success rate, the inverse cup and handle pattern is even better for short sellers.

Rectangle Chart Pattern: Trade an 85% Success Rate

12. Falling Wedge – 74% Success

A falling wedge stock chart pattern suggests the potential for reversing an existing downtrend with a 74% success rate and an average 38% price increase.

The Falling Wedge occurs when the price forms two converging trendlines, with the lower line being more steeply angled than the upper, creating a wedge-shaped pattern pointing downwards. This pattern can indicate that the security’s price could soon begin to move higher.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
Falling Wedge 74% 38%
Falling Wedge Chart Pattern
Falling Wedge Chart Pattern With Target Reached

Identifying a Falling Wedge

To identify a Falling Wedge stock chart pattern, investors should look for two converging trendlines that form a descending triangle. Generally, the pattern should be visible on intraday and daily charts. After identifying the two trendlines, investors can look for a confirmation of a trend reversal by watching for a breakout either above the upper resistance line or below the lower support line.

If the security price breaks out above the resistance line, it could signal that the security has completed its reversal. In contrast, a break below the support line could signal the continuation of the downtrend.

Falling Wedge Pattern: A 74% Chance of a 38% Profit!

Warning – Avoid the Pennant Pattern

A pennant continuation pattern identifies a trend continuation but is an extremely bad indicator. Although many tout the Pennant pattern, Tom Bulkowski warns against using it, as it has only a 46% chance of success and a meager 7% average profit.

The Pennant occurs when the price of a security forms two converging trendlines that create a symmetrical triangle-like pattern, often referred to as a “pennant.” This pattern can be seen as an indication that the security’s current trend is likely to continue.

Chart Pattern Success Rate Average Price Change
Pennant Patterns (Avoid) 46% 7%
Pennant Chart Pattern
The Pennant Chart Pattern Has The Worst Success Rate of All Chart Patterns

Due to its poor performance, I do not recommend using the bullish or bearish pennant chart pattern for trading.

Summary: The Best Chart Patterns for Profits

Thanks to this research, we have proof chart patterns work. Each of these twelve reliable and profitable chart patterns has a greater than 80% chance of success with an average profit potential of 38% to 51%.

Believe it or not, there are chart patterns with even better success and profitability track records. Also, I have discussed only the success rate of these patterns in bull markets, but what about bear markets? All the research is revealed in Tom Bulkowski’s Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns. Incredible detail and a visual listing of these patterns are available at ThePatternSite.com.

Learn the Success Rates of 65 Chart Patterns

The Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns by Tom Bulkowski details the reliability and success rates of 65 chart patterns and shows you how to trade them. It is an indispensable resource for traders and investors looking to increase profitability by taking advantage of stock chart patterns. This comprehensive reference book contains in-depth explanations and detailed illustrations of more than 65 pattern types, including Head and Shoulders, Double Tops, Wedges, Flags, Gaps, and many more.

The Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns by Tom Bulkowski
Find Out More

12 Accurate Chart Patterns Proven Profitable & Reliable - 31The book begins with an introduction to charting basics, including recognizing trends, support, resistance levels, and other technical analysis tools. It then dives into a discussion of the various pattern types, offering clear descriptions of how to identify them in the markets and practical advice on when it is appropriate to act.

Complete with decades of chart pattern testing, The Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns is a critical resource for trading success.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do chart patterns really work?

Yes, chart patterns really work. According to decades of research, chart patterns work between 50 and 89 percent, depending on the pattern and the market. For example, a double bottom pattern in a bull market is predictive, with an accuracy of 88 percent and an average price change of +50 percent.

What are chart patterns?

Chart patterns are visualizations of market price moves created by supply and demand. These patterns identify potential price breakouts, reversals, and continuation moves. Chart patterns such as an ascending-triangle or head & shoulders are naturally formed by market buying and selling.

What is the most successful chart pattern?

The head and shoulder bottom pattern is proven to be the most successful chart pattern in a bull market, with an 88 percent accuracy rate and an average price change of +50 percent. Other successful patterns include the double bottom (88 percent) and the ascending triangle (83 percent).

How do I use chart patterns?

Chart patterns are used to identify potential trading opportunities. When a chart pattern is formed, you should watch closely for the pattern to break out. If the asset price breaks out through the resistance, it is a buy; if it breaks down through support, it is a sell.

How important are chart patterns?

Chart patterns are incredibly important for traders in stocks, foreign exchange, ETFs, and cryptocurrencies. Many traders use chart patterns but do not understand the probabilities of specific chart pattern success. For example, an ascending triangle has an 83 percent chance of success.

What is the most reliable pattern in trading?

According to decades of testing, one of the most reliable patterns in trading is the rectangle top, with an 85 percent chance of success and an average of 51 percent profit in a bull market. This pattern has been tested and documented in the Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns by Tom Bulkowski.

What is the psychology behind chart patterns?

Chart patterns reflect the psychology of market participants and how they perceive a security's value. Chartists use these patterns to determine when buyers or sellers are in control, which can be used to identify potential reversals or breakouts. Chartists are looking for trends in price and volume that signify the current state of market sentiment.

How do you trade chart patterns?

Trading chart patterns is all about timing and spotting when the market turns. A trader should look for the signs of a pattern forming, such as volume spikes or narrowing price movements. Once a pattern has been identified, traders can execute trades based on their interpretation of the data.

How many chart patterns are there?

According to the Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns by Tom Bulkowski, 82 distinct chart patterns across bull and bear markets have been identified, documented, and tested. You can try to learn each chart pattern or use pattern recognition software to perform the work for you.

Which timeframe is best for chart patterns?

The best timeframes for chart patterns are 1 hour, 1 day, and 1 week. Research suggests that the longer the timeframe, the more reliable and accurate the chart pattern. Chart patterns on shorter timeframes from 1 to 10 minutes can be less accurate due to the outsize impact of larger trades.

Which chart pattern is most bullish?

The rectangle top chart pattern is the most bullish pattern during a bull market. The rectangle top is the most bullish because it has an average 51 percent upside potential and an 85 percent chance of success, according to the Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns by Tom Bulkowski.

Is pattern trading profitable?

Yes, pattern trading can be profitable when done properly. Pattern traders must recognize the pattern, wait for the breakout, understand the probability of success, and set a realistic target. These steps balance the risk (success probability) and reward (price target). These steps establish a solid framework for the trade.

Who invented chart patterns?

Traders have used chart patterns for centuries. However, modern chart patterns were made popular by early technical analysts such as Charles Dow, born 1851, and Richard Wyckoff, born 1873. As trading technology progressed, so did the development of automated chart pattern recognition software to help traders identify trends.

Why are stock charts effective?

Charts are an effective way to analyze and interpret data due to their visual nature. A chart can quickly convey a great deal of information in an easy-to-digest format, allowing traders to make decisions quickly and accurately. Furthermore, chart patterns often repeat themselves, so they can help predict future price movements once identified.

Why do patterns fail in trading?

Successful patterns fail in trading because market sentiment can change quickly. Even though a pattern is progressing perfectly, the impact of breaking financial news can disrupt the market and cause a pattern to fail. Even a successful pattern can fail if there is market-moving news, such as Federal Reserve interest hikes or an industry-impacting announcement.

Which trading style is most profitable?

The least risky and most profitable trading style is long-term investing in broad market ETFs or profitable growth stocks with healthy cash flows. Day trading can be profitable, but the Standard and Poors SPIVA report suggests that 93 percent of active fund managers failed to beat the market.

Which trading strategy has the highest probability of success?

The trading strategy with the highest probability of success is based on sound principles such as risk management, position sizing, and proper selection of stocks. Applying these principles, traders can minimize losses and maximize returns. By following trends in the market and not trying to pick tops or bottoms, it's possible to be successful.

Is there a perfect trading system?

No, there is no perfect trading system. Every trader has different risk tolerance and objectives, so the best trading system will depend on the individual's goals. Furthermore, markets constantly change, and adaptability is key to successful trading. As Richard Dennis said, "The market is never wrong - opinions often are."

What is the easiest pattern to trade?

The easiest pattern to trade is the rectangle or Darvas Box. This is a chart pattern where the stock makes a series of highs and lows within a boxed price range. When the stock breaks out of this range, it can signal either an uptrend or a downtrend. Experienced traders look for volume expansion when trading these patterns to confirm that the breakout is legitimate.

Which chart patterns are most reliable?

Some of the most reliable stock chart patterns do not occur often. The head and shoulders bottom has a reliability of 89 percent in a bull market, but it does not occur often. However, the double bottom chart pattern has a reliability of 88 percent and occurs regularly.