10 Best Candlestick Patterns Proven Successful & Reliable

10 Profitable & Reliable Candlestick Patterns Backed by 56,680 Trades!

Our research shows the most reliable and predictive candlestick patterns are the Inverted Hammer, with a 60% success rate, Bearish Marubozu (56.1%), Gravestone Doji (57%), and Bearish Engulfing (57%). The most profitable candle pattern is the Inverted Hammer, with a 1.12% profit per trade.

After hundreds of hours of extensive backtesting using TrendSpider, I’ve gained valuable insights into the success and profitability of 25 renowned candle patterns. Join me as I share this invaluable, original research.

Successful Candle Patterns Proven Profitable & Reliable
Successful Candle Patterns Proven Profitable & Reliable

Candle Pattern Reliability, Success & Profitability

I tested 25 candle patterns on each of the 30 Dow Jones Industrial Average stocks over the last 20 years. This amounted to 56,680 trades, panning 10,199 years of data. The table below shows two key candle pattern success metrics. The % Profit per trade is the average profit per trade, including all winning and losing trades across bull and bear markets. The % Winner denotes what percent of the trades made a profit by increasing in value. All tests were long trades; no short-selling included.

Candle Pattern % Profit/Trade % Winners
Inverted Hammer 1.12% 60.0%
Bearish Marubozu 0.80% 56.1%
Gravestone Doji 0.65% 57.0%
Bearish Engulfing 0.62% 57.0%
Bullish Harami Cross 0.58% 55.3%
Bearish Harami Cross 0.57% 57.0%
Shooting Star 0.56% 57.1%
Doji Candle 0.51% 55.6%
Bullish Harami 0.50% 55.2%
Spinning Top 0.49% 55.9%

Performance Data © Barry D. Moore – LiberatedStockTrader.com.

Our original trading research is powered by TrendSpider. As a certified market analyst, I use its state-of-the-art AI automation to recognize and test chart patterns and indicators for reliability and profitability.

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How to Identify Candlestick Patterns?

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How to Backtest a Bullish Harami & Harami Cross Pattern: Step-by-Step Explanation.
How to Backtest a Bullish Harami & Harami Cross Pattern: Step-by-Step Explanation. Using TrendSpider to Backtest Candle Patterns & Chart Indicators is Easy with Strategy Tester

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10 Best Candlestick Patterns Tested & Proven

1. Inverted Hammer: 60% Success Rate

After conducting 1,702 trades on 588 years of data, we confirm the Inverted Hammer profit per trade to be 1.12%. A 1.12% win rate means that trading an Inverted Hammer long will net you an average of 1.12% profit per trade if you sell after ten days. Conversely, short-selling an Inverted Hammer, you should expect to lose 1.12% per trade. This proves this pattern is strongly bullish.

The percentage of Inverted Hammer winning trades was 60% versus 40% losing trades, significantly higher than the 55.8% average performance across all candlestick types. The Max Drawdown was -29.6%, versus the stock’s drawdown of -59.4%, which shows less volatility than a buy-and-hold strategy.

Test Results Inverted Hammer
# Trades Tested 1,702
Average Return 1.12%
Reward/Risk Ratio 1.28
% Wins 60.0%
Average Win 4.2%
Average Loss -3.50%

Identifying an Inverted Hammer

The Inverted Hammer typically manifests at the bottom of a downtrend, hinting at a potential shift in the price trajectory. It signals a bullish sentiment, denoting that the market is trying to increase prices, as indicated by the extended upper wick. However, the sellers regain control by the close of the trading period, pushing the price down to close near the opening level, thus creating a small body at the bottom.

The Inverted Hammer Candle Explained
The Inverted Hammer Candle Explained

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Inverted Hammer: 1,702 Trades Prove Its The Best Candle Pattern

2. Bearish Marubozu: 56.1% Success Rate

The percentage of Bearish Marubozu winning trades was 56.1%, with an average winning trade equalling 4.1%, significantly higher than the average performance across all candlestick types. The Max Drawdown was -31%, versus the stock’s drawdown of -59.7%, which shows less volatility than a buy-and-hold strategy.

The average winning trade was 4.1% over ten days, and the average losing trade was -3.5%; this represents a reasonable profit margin, especially when combined with the 56.1% successful trades. The average win for all trades was 0.8% per trade.

The Bearish Marubozu’s reward-to-risk ratio is 1.21, the highest of the 25 candles we tested. We have only seen better Reward/Risk ratios in our testing of “The most successful chart patterns.”

Test Results Bearish Marubozu
# Trades Tested 2,360
Average Return 0.80%
Reward/Risk Ratio 1.21
% Wins 56.1%
Average Win 4.1%
Average Loss -3.48%

Identifying a Bearish Marubozu

A Bearish (Black) Marubozu signals a strong downward price movement. It forms when the open price is the highest for the period (day, hour, etc.) and the close price is the lowest. In other words, bears controlled the price from the start to the end of the timeframe, reflecting the dominance of selling pressure throughout the entire period.

Marubozu Candles Explained: Left is the Black or Bearish Marubozu. Right is the White or Bullish Marubozu.
Marubozu Candles Explained: Left is the Black or Bearish Marubozu. Right is the White or Bullish Marubozu.

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Marubozu Candles: Bullish vs Bearish 4,994 Trades Tested

3. Gravestone Doji: 57% Success Rate

After conducting 1,553 trades on 575 years of data, we confirm the win rate to be 0.65% per trade. A 0.65% win rate means that trading a Gravestone Doji long will net you an average of 0.65% profit per trade if you sell after ten days. Conversely, short-selling a Gravestone Doji, you should expect to lose -0.65% per trade.

The percentage of Gravestone Doji winning trades was 57% versus 43% losing trades, higher than the 55.8% average performance across all candlestick types, in fact, third best. The Max Drawdown was -28.6%, versus the stocks drawdown of -59.3%, which shows less volatility than a buy-and-hold strategy.

Test Results Gravestone Doji
# Trades Tested 1,553
Average Return 0.65%
Reward/Risk Ratio 1.12
% Wins 57.0%
Average Win 3.8%
Average Loss -3.57%

Identifying a Gravestone Doji

The Gravestone Doji candlestick pattern takes shape when a trading session’s opening, closing, and low prices are almost identical. This kind of candle looks like a gravestone, with a tall wick on the top. It indicates that buyers failed to push the prices up, and the sellers were able to bring them back down to around the opening price at the end of the trading session.

The Gravestone Doji Candle Pattern Explained
The Gravestone Doji Candle Pattern Explained

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Gravestone Doji: Does It Work? I Test 1553 Trades To See!

4. Bearish Engulfing: 57% Success Rate

After conducting 4,096 trades on 568 years of data, we confirm the Bearish Engulfing profit per trade to be 0.62%. A 0.62% win rate means trading a Bearish Engulfing long will net you an average of 0.62% profit per trade if you sell after ten days. Conversely, short-selling a Bearish Engulfing, you should expect to lose -0.62% per trade. This proves this pattern is strongly bullish.

The percentage of Bearish Engulfing winning trades was 57% versus 43% losing trades, significantly higher than the 55.8% average performance across all candlestick types. The Max Drawdown was -39.7%, versus the stock’s drawdown of -59.3%, which shows less volatility than a buy-and-hold strategy.

The average winning trade was 3.7% over ten days, and the average losing trade was -3.5%; this represents a reasonable profit margin, especially when combined with the 57% successful trades.

Test Results Bearish Engulfing
# Trades Tested 4,096
Average Return 0.62%
Reward/Risk Ratio 1.06
% Wins 57.0%
Average Win 3.7%
Average Loss -3.52%

Identifying a Bearish Engulfing Candle

The data suggests a Bearish Engulfing candle can occur during an uptrend or downtrend and can be a reversal or continuation pattern. The image below shows four Bearish Engulfing candles, three of which occur during a downtrend, thus accelerating the price decline, and one occurs during an uptrend, signifying a reversal.

Bearish Engulfing Candle Explained
Bearish Engulfing Candle Explained

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Bearish Engulfing Candle: Is It Profitable? I Test It!

5. Bullish Harami Cross: 55.3% Success Rate

The percentage of Bullish Harami Cross winning trades was 55.3%, with an average winning trade equalling 4.0%, significantly higher than the average performance across all candlestick types. The Max Drawdown was -31.7%, versus the stock’s drawdown of -59.3%, which shows less volatility than a buy-and-hold strategy.

The average winning trade was 4.0% over ten days, and the average losing trade was -3.7%; this represents a reasonable profit margin, especially when combined with the 56.1% successful trades. The average win for all trades was 0.58% per trade.

Test Results Bullish Harami Cross
# Trades Tested 1,609
Average Return 0.58%
Reward/Risk Ratio 1.17
% Wins 55.3%
Average Win 4.0%
Average Loss -3.65%

Identifying a Bullish Harami Cross

The Bullish Harami Cross pattern is similar to the Bullish Harami as it also signals a possible end to a bearish trend and the commencement of a bullish trend. While the first candle is still a bearish pattern with a significant move down, the second candle is usually a spinning top or Doji, meaning the open and close prices are similar and still contained within the bounds of the first candle.

Bullish Harami Cross Pattern Explained
Bullish Harami Cross Pattern Explained

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Bullish Harami Patterns: Profitable? I Test 5,624 Trades!

6. Bearish Harami Cross: 57% Success Rate

The percentage of Bearish Harami Cross winning trades was 57%, with an average winning trade equalling 3.6%, significantly higher than the average performance across all candlestick types. The Max Drawdown was -28.9%, versus the stock’s drawdown of -59.30%, which shows less volatility than a buy-and-hold strategy.

The average winning trade was 3.6% over ten days, and the average losing trade was -3.5%; this represents a tight profit margin, but when combined with the 57% successful trades, the strategy is profitable. The average profit for all trades was 0.57% per trade.

Test Results Bearish Harami Cross
# Trades Tested 1,651
Average Return 0.57%
Reward/Risk Ratio 1.06
% Wins 57.0%
Average Win 3.6%
Average Loss -3.53%

Identifying a Bearish Harami Cross

The Bearish Harami Cross pattern is a two-candlestick chart pattern that supposedly signifies the end of a bullish trend and the potential onset of a bearish trend. The first candlestick will often be a bullish bar, indicating that the market has increased significantly during that period. The second candle is bearish, indicating buyers have stepped in and pushed prices back down from their earlier highs.

Bearish Harami Cross Candle Patterns Explained
Bearish Harami Cross Candle Patterns Explained

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Bearish Harami: Worth Trading? 1,136 Years of Data Says Yes!

7. Shooting Star: 57.1% Success Rate

The Shooting Star candle pattern achieved an overall success rate of 57.1% and returned an average gain of 0.56% with a reward/risk ratio of 1.11. The average win was 3.4%, while the average loss was -3.19%. With a solid reward/risk ratio of 1.11, this supposedly bearish pattern is actually strongly bullish.

Test Results Shooting Star
# Trades Tested 1,680
Average Return 0.56%
Reward/Risk Ratio 1.11
% Wins 57.1%
Average Win 3.4%
Average Loss -3.19%

Identifying a Shooting Star Candle Pattern

The Shooting Star is the third candle in a three-candle pattern. With a long tail and small green body with open and close prices near the day’s lows, it resembles a shooting star falling from the sky. Traditionally perceived as a bearish reversal pattern, our data shows this candle is 57-1% bullish across all market conditions.

Shooting Star Candle Pattern Explained
Shooting Star Candle Pattern Explained

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Shooting Star Candle: 1,680 Test Trades Uncover Its Potential

8. Doji Candle: 55.6% Success Rate

After conducting 8029 trades, on 548 years of data, we confirm the Doji Win Rate to be 0.52% per trade. The 0.52% win rate means that trading a Doji candle long will net you an average of 0.52% profit per trade if you sell after ten days. Conversely, short-selling a Doji candle, you should expect to lose 0.52% per trade.

The percentage of winning trades was 55.6% versus 44.4% losing trades; this is about average for the performance across all candlestick types. The Max Drawdown was -47.5%, versus the stocks drawdown of -59.2%, which shows less volatility than a buy-and-hold strategy.

Test Results Doji Candle
# Trades Tested 8,029
Average Return 0.51%
Reward/Risk Ratio 1.07
% Wins 55.6%
Average Win 3.7%
Average Loss -3.48%

Identifying a Doji

A Doji Candle is a distinctive pattern in candlestick charting used in technical analysis. Its hallmark is that it has virtually the same opening and closing price, giving it a skinny line or “cross” appearance. This pattern indicates a balance of forces, suggesting that a change in the market direction might be imminent.

Doji candles indicate market indecision, which could signal potential trend reversals or continuation, depending on the recent price action. Investors should always monitor these formations for confirmation before taking any positions in the market.

Doji candles indicate market indecision, which could signal potential trend reversals or continuation, depending on the recent price action.
Doji candles indicate market indecision, which could signal potential trend reversals or continuation, depending on the recent price action.

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Do Doji Candles Work? 8,029 Test Trades Uncover the Facts!

9. Bullish Harami: 55.2% Success Rate

The Bullish Harami is less reliable than the Bullish Harami Cross. The percentage of Bullish Harami winning trades was 55.2% versus 44.8% losing trades, lower than the 55.8% average performance across all candlestick types. The Max Drawdown was -41.5%, versus the stock’s drawdown of -59.6%, which shows less volatility than a buy-and-hold strategy.

The average winning trade was 3.9% over ten days, and the average losing trade was -3.6%, suggesting razor-thin profit margins, especially when combined with the 55.2% successful trades. The average win for all trades was 0.50% per trade, which ranks the Bullish Harami 9th best in our testing.

Test Results Bullish Harami
# Trades Tested 4,015
Average Return 0.50%
Reward/Risk Ratio 1.09
% Wins 55.2%
Average Win 3.9%
Average Loss -3.63%

Identifying a Bullish Harami

A Bullish Harami pattern is a two-candlestick chart pattern that signifies the end of a bearish trend and the potential onset of a bullish trend. The first candlestick will often be a bearish bar, indicating that the market has dropped significantly during that period. The second candle is bullish, indicating buyers have stepped in and pushed prices back up from their earlier lows.

Bullish Harami Pattern Explained
Bullish Harami Pattern Explained

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Bullish Harami Patterns: Profitable? I Test 5,624 Trades!

10. Spinning Top: 55.9% Success Rate

The Spinning Top pattern had an overall success rate of 55.9%, with an average return of 0.49% and a reward/risk ratio of 1.04. It was successful in 5,535 out of 9,894 trades, yielding an average win of 3.7%. The Average Loss for this pattern was -3.59%.

Test Results Spinning Top
# Trades Tested 9,894
Average Return 0.49%
Reward/Risk Ratio 1.04
% Wins 55.9%
Average Win 3.7%
Average Loss -3.59%

Identifying a Spinning Top

The Spinning Top candle is identified by a relatively small body in the context of the trading range. The upper and lower shadows are longer than the body, giving it a “spinning top” appearance. Spinning Tops indicate indecision on the part of traders and can indicate a trend reversal or consolidation.

When trading this pattern, traders should look for entry points near resistance or support. It’s best only to trade this pattern when the market is trending. Traders can also wait for a confirmation candle before entering a position. This helps reduce the risk of false signals and non-profiting trades.

Spinning Top Candlestick Patterns Explained
Spinning Top Candlestick Patterns Explained

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Spinning Top Candle: Is It Accurate? I Test 9,894 Trades!

Summary: Best Candlestick Patterns for Traders

Based on 58,680 test trades, our research identified the best candestick patterns. The Inverted Hammer has a 60% success rate, Bearish Marubozu (56.1%), Gravestone Doji (57%), and Bearish Engulfing (57%). The Inverted Hammer is the most profitable candle pattern, with 1.12% profit per trade.

Thanks to this research, we have proof candlestick patterns work. The profit margins are slim with candlestick patterns because they are only predictive for a maximum of 10 days. Each of these ten reliable and profitable chart patterns has a greater than 50% chance of success with an average profit potential of 0.51% per trade.

FAQ

What is the best software for candle pattern trading?

The best software for candle pattern trading is TrendSpider because it has a complete solution for pattern recognition, backtesting, and even Bot integration for auto-trading. Plus, you do not need coding skills to use it; the entire system is point-and-click simplicity.

What are the most profitable candlestick signals for trading?

The most profitable candlestick signals for trading are the Inverted Hammer (60% success rate), Bearish Marubozu (56.1%), Gravestone Doji (57%), and Bearish Engulfing (57%). The Inverted Hammer is the most profitable pattern, generating a remarkable 1.12% profit per trade.

What is the success rate of candlestick patterns?

The success rate of candlestick patterns can vary depending on the pattern but generally hover around 54-60%. The most successful is the Inverted Hammer, which has a 60% success rate. It also has an average profit potential of 1.12% per trade.

Are there any risks with trading candlestick patterns?

Yes, there are always risks with trading. Candlestick signals carry the same risks as any other form of technical analysis. As such, practicing due diligence and research is important before entering a trade.

What are some must-know candlestick patterns for successful trades?

Some must-know candlestick patterns for successful trades are the Inverted Hammer, the Bearish Marubozu, and the Gravestone Doji. Each of these patterns has unique characteristics that can indicate potential bullish breakouts.

Which candlestick patterns have the highest performance?

The candles with the highest performance per trade over a 20-year test period are the Inverted Hammer (1.12%), the Bearish Marubozu (0.8%), and the Gravestone Doji (0.65%).

Why are candlestick patterns important in day trading?

Candlestick patterns are important in day trading because they can provide useful insights into the strength and direction of a security's price action. For example, a bullish continuation pattern may indicate that a stock's trend will likely continue upward. In contrast, a bearish reversal signal could indicate that the trend is about to reverse downwards.

What is the most reliable candle pattern in trading?

The Inverted Hammer is the most reliable candle pattern in trading, which predicted 60% accurate bullish trades over 1,702 trades based on 588 years of backtested data. Additionally, it returned an average of 1.12% per trade.

How many candlestick patterns are there?

There are 82 common variations of candlestick patterns. The most popular are the Inverted Hammer, Hanging Man, Bullish Engulfing, Bearish Engulfing, Piercing Pattern, Dark Cloud Cover, Doji Star, Shooting Star, and Harami Cross.

Which timeframe is best for candle patterns?

The best timeframe for candlestick patterns is daily. Japanese Candlesticks were originally designed with daily charts in mind; 200 years ago, the technology was not available for trading on intraday charts. Most candlestick reliability testing is performed on daily charts.

Which candle pattern is most bullish?

The most bullish candle patterns are the Inverted Hammer (60% bullish), the Shooting Star (57.1% bullish), and the Bearish Engulfing and Bearish Marubozu (57% bullish). The most profitable is the Inverted Hammer, with a 1.12% win per trade.

Is candle pattern trading profitable?

Yes, candlestick pattern trading can be profitable when done properly. Candle pattern traders must recognize the pattern, wait for the breakout, understand the probability of success, and set a realistic target. These steps balance the risk (success probability) and reward (price target).

Why do candle patterns fail in trading?

Successful candle patterns fail in trading because market sentiment changes quickly. Breaking financial news can disrupt the market and cause a candle to fail. Also, candle patterns are predictive for only 3 to 10 days, making them prone to market fluctuations, meaning candles only predict successfully 60% of the time.