Various strategies can be used to make money in the stock markets. These include investing for dividends, investing in penny stocks, blue chips, small-capitalization stocks, “small caps,” exchange-traded funds (ETF’s), Mutual Funds, Hedge Funds, and real estate investment trusts (REITS).
This section takes a thorough overview of the terminology and the vehicles available to invest in.
Strategy 1 – Buying Stocks for Growth
Most people associate the stock market with the rise and fall of stock prices. They would be correct; the appreciation and depreciation of stock price are the most common form of profiting from the stock market.
You purchase a stock at $10 and sell it for $12; this equates to a 20% profit (excluding transaction costs and taxes on the gains).
Relying on the profit source to be the stock price means you would inevitably want to invest in growth stocks. Stocks that are experiencing a price appreciation at or better than the market average.
Growth stocks may typically be companies that are relatively new to the market and have carved out a profitable niche that is growing at a rapid pace. The factor to consider in growth stocks are:
- How long will the growth last?
- Can the company turn fast growth into profits?
- Can the company dominate the market in its niche?
- How experienced is the management team?
In addition to looking at price growth, one should consider any dividends a company may be paying.
Strategy 2 – Buying Stocks for Dividends
Of the 5800+ stocks currently available to purchase on the major U.S. indices, circa 2800 companies currently offer a dividend payout.
A dividend is an offer from the company to pay out a portion of its income (after-tax profits) to its shareholders.
These companies tend to be well established with a stable income stream, enabling them to offer a constant dividend. The dividend is essentially a reward to the shareholder for holding the stock.
Types of Dividend
- Regular Cash dividend, the most common type of dividend payment, is usually released quarterly.
- The extra dividend is a special dividend, usually a large one-off payment to shareholders.
- Liquidating dividends are usually paid if there are any left-over or allocated funds during the company’s liquidation.
The dividend payment is usually expressed in dollars per share. This means if you own 100 shares of a company whose stock price is $200 if the company pays out $5 per share, then I will receive 100 X $5 = a $500 payment. Usually, this is distributed every quarter, meaning I will receive $125 per quarter.
Dividend Payment = Number of Shares X Payment per Share.
Here is an example of the dividend yield. Joe owns 1000 shares of ABC Company at the cost of $10 per share. ABC pays out a regular dividend of $0.50 per share. As a single share of the company is worth $10, $0.50 equates to a dividend yield of 5%.
Dividend Yield = Annual Dividend Paid / Stock Price.
This 5% is essentially what you earn on your money regardless of stock price growth. Of course, if the stock price deteriorates during the period in which you hold the stock, this may mean your net profit reduces. For example, you make a 5% profit in terms of dividend yield, yet the stock price has depreciated 5%. This means your net profit if you were to sell would be zero.
Dividend Payout Ratio
This is the proportion of the Earnings per share that is paid out in dividends. For example, if a company earns $2.50 in earnings for every outstanding share and pays out $0.50 per share in dividends, the dividend payout ratio is 20%.
Dividend Payout Ratio = Dividends per Share / Earnings per Share
This is the date two business days before when the dividend payment is scheduled.
For example, if you purchase a stock on April 24th and the company announces the dividend payment date is April 30th, you will be entitled to the dividend. However, if you purchased the stock on the 29th of April, then the stock’s previous owner will receive the dividend.
What kind of dividend payouts can you expect?
Of the 5000+ stocks currently on the major U.S. Indices, approximately 50% of the companies pay out a dividend. Here are some interesting facts.
- 2800 companies are paying a dividend.
- Less than 0.5% payout a dividend of more than 10%
- 25% of the companies pay out a dividend yield of between 5% and 10%
- Less than 1% of companies pay a dividend of less than 1%
- This means approximately 74% of the companies pay between 1% and 5%
A reasonable expectation is that you should receive a dividend of around 4% to 5%.
Dividends can be a great way to generate a steady income from stocks, but beware if a stock price is rapidly falling and the company is in trouble, your net profit may not be as high as you expect.
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