You need to be 18 years old to open a brokerage account and buy stocks. If you are under 18 you can invest in stocks with a parental custodial brokerage account. We jump into the details of age and stock trading.
How old do you have to be to trade stocks?
There is no age limit for stock trading in the USA. However, you have to be at least 18-years-old to open a trading account in the United States.
Parents and guardians can open brokerage trading accounts for kids in the United States. If a minor (person under 18) has no income, a parent or guardian can open a custodial brokerage account for that person.
Federal law requires a custodial brokerage account to be opened in a parent or guardian’s name. Hence, the parent or guardian is legally responsible for the account and any losses. Depending on state law, the child can take full control of the custodial account when they turn 18 or 21.
Children earning income from a business, tips, or wages can use individual retirement accounts (IRAs) for stock investment. A parent or guardian will have to open the custodial IRA, which the child can invest through. This IRA is a custodial account, so the parent or guardian is legally responsible for it. The advantage to an IRA is that it is tax-deferred. No taxes are due until the money is taken out.
Some investment firms have special accounts for American teens. Fidelity offers a Youth Account, for example. The Fidelity Youth Account is not a custodial account which gives the teen more control.
How old do you have to be to trade stocks in the UK?
It is illegal for people under 18 to hold company shares in their own names in the United Kingdom.
UK residents under 18 can invest in stocks through Investment Savings Accounts (ISAs). The popular Junior Stocks and Shares ISA allows people under 18 to invest in stocks. The account holder cannot access the funds until they turn 18.
The Junior ISA is a custodial account that a parent or guardian opens for the minor. The parent or guardian is legally responsible for the Junior ISA and any losses it accrues.
How old do you have to be to trade penny stocks?
There is no age limit for trading penny stocks in the United States. No age limit exists because penny stocks trade in the unregulated over-the-counter market.
You will not be able to trade penny stocks through a custodial account because most brokerages and platforms will not trade penny trade stocks. People under 18 who want to trade penny stocks will have to buy them directly.
How old do you have to be to trade stocks in Canada?
In Canada, you have to reach the age of maturity in your province to open a retail trading account. The age of maturity is 18 or 19, depending on the province you live in.
The age of maturity is 18 in Ontario, Alberta, Manitoba, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan. However, the age of maturity is 19 in British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, the Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, and the Yukon.
For a Canadian under the age of maturity, a parent or guardian will have to open a trust account that the minor can invest through. The parent or guardian will have to ask a brokerage or platform how to set up the trust account. Parents and guardians are legally responsible for children’s trust accounts in Canada.
How old do you have to be to trade stocks in Europe?
The European Union (EU) does not list any age requirements for stock trading. Hence, European residents will have to ask their investment advisors, or contact their nation’s financial regulator, to learn what stock trading age limits exist.
Most countries bar people under the age of maturity (usually 18) from trading stocks. Trust accounts that let children and teens invest through accounts in their parents’ or guardians’ names are available in some countries.
Parents need to talk to teens about investing because it is easy for anybody to open trading accounts through Robinhood and the Cash App. It is possible that teens or children could violate the law by investing through such apps.
There are no age limits for stock trading, but parents will need to monitor kids’ trades because anybody can lose money in the market at any age.
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