103-08 Elliott Wave Theory

In Elliott Wave theory, the hypothesis suggests that there are eight waves in any cycle. The “Cycle” could be classified as the first leg in a primary bull market, for example. See the diagram below.

Read The Fully Updated Article with In-depth Analysis of Elliott Wave Theory

Elliott Wave Principle: Corrective & Impulse Waves
Elliott Wave Principle: Corrective & Impulse Waves

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  • Wave 1: Impulse Wave – the first sign of strength in a new market uptrend
  • Wave 2: Corrective Wave – a correction in the uptrend
  • Wave 3: 2nd Impulse Wave – another surge upwards – usually different in length to the 1st impulse wave
  • Wave 4: 2nd Corrective Wave – the next correction – again different in length to the first corrective wave
  • Wave 5: 3rd and often longest Impulse Wave – this indicates a top in the primary cycle
  • Wave A: 1st Wave of correction of the primary cycle – a major pullback usually consists of ABC
  • Wave B: 2nd wave of correction (pullback of corrective move)
  • Wave C: Correction of primary wave completed, and ready for the next leg up.

Using Elliott’s theory is not an exact science, and one does need to use a little imagination (squint your eyes, tilt your head); however, it does prove useful for reference.

See the next chart for how to apply “basic” Elliot Wave Principles to the current S&P 500 move.

103-08 Elliott Wave Theory - 2


As you can see, this S&P 500 move in 2009 is actually classic textbook stuff.  Practice trying to spot the waves in the market; the more you try, the easier it becomes.

Further Reading

We literally scratched the surface of Dow Theory, and Elliott Wave Theory for further reading try:

Easily Understand Elliott Wave Theory: Analysis & Examples

Technical Analysis of the Financial Markets John J. Murphy 1999.

Easily Understand Elliott Wave Theory: Analysis & Examples 2021



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