A market profile chart is a day-trading tool that displays the price activity to identify a time price opportunity (TPO). It helps traders identify the most traded prices and develop strategies to exploit these areas.
- Market Profile Charts display the most traded prices and volumes, helping traders identify key price levels.
- Market Profile Charts identify time price opportunities (TPOs), highlighting areas where the price has spent significant time, indicating strong support or resistance levels.
- Market Profile Charts allow day traders to identify optimal entry and exit points for short-term trades.
- By analyzing the most traded prices and volume profiles, traders can identify patterns, trends, and market sentiment.
By looking at a Market Profile chart, traders can see where the market has been over the day and develop trading plans accordingly. It helps find supply and demand levels and possible turning points in price action. Using this information, informed traders can enter trades with better chances of being profitable.
What is a Market Profile Chart?
The Market Profile chart uses price and time to provide a unique way to visualize market action and the most important prices of a day’s trading. The three core concepts are the point of control (POC), the time price opportunity (TPO), and 30-minute time blocks.
Market Profile Charts History
Market Profile Charts were developed in the 1980s by the Chicago Board Of Trade Director and trader J. Peter Stiedlmayer. Stiedlmayer’s concepts of Market Profile charting and the Liquidity Databank were huge steps forward in using charting for trading and providing liquidity.
How to Read a Market Profile Chart
To interpret a Market Profile Chart, you must understand the key terminology, the point of control (POC), the time price opportunity (TPO), and the time block.
1. Point of Control (POC)
The Point of Control (POC) is the price where most trades occurred during a certain period. This can be considered an important reference point for traders since it shows the majority opinion about where prices may move.
The Point of Control is considered the stock’s fair price for the day. This is when the stock is traded the most during the day, week, or month. This is also called value pricing, where most traders see the equity value as fair.
The value area is the price range at which 70% of the action happens.
2. Time Price Opportunity (TPO)
The Time Price Opportunity (TPO) indicates the volume and liquidity at each price level throughout the day’s trading. It essentially tells you how many trades were done at each price.
Above the point of control suggests the stock is overpriced, therefore a possible confirmation for a short-term short. Below the point of control would mean a possibly undervalued equity, thus a possible long trade. Each time block letter represents a TPO. This shows the amount of trading activity at each price level.
3. Time Blocks
The 30-minute time blocks indicate the opening and closing of the markets and any noteworthy changes in trading volume throughout the day.
“A” represents the first 30 minutes of trading, and “B” represents the second 30 minutes. The point of control is the area (price range) where most trades occur during the day. Lowercase lettered time blocks represent out-of-market hours trading.
|Market Profile Time Block
|A – Market Open
|O – Market Close
3. Volume Profile
The volume profile visually represents both the TPO and value area. It displays the volume traded at each price level, giving traders an idea of where most trading activity is concentrated.
By combining TPO and volume profile, traders can better understand market sentiment and potential trading opportunities. A stock with a high volume and trades within or above the value area could indicate a strong bullish sentiment. Conversely, low volume within or below the value area may suggest a bearish sentiment.
4. Market Profile Chart
The market profile chart combines all of this information into one easy-to-read chart. It shows the distribution of trades throughout the day’s trading session, with each bar representing a specific period. The longer the bar, the more volume and trading activity occurred during that time frame.
Traders can use market profile charts to identify key support and resistance levels and potential areas for price breakouts or reversals. By paying attention to where most of the trading activity occurs within the profile chart, traders can also gain insight into market sentiment and potential market direction.
When the price is above and below the value areas, this represents a possible ideal buying or selling point.
How to use Market Profile Charts For Trading
The Market Profile chart is a graphical representation of the traded volume within specific time blocks. It can be used to identify potential buying and selling points for traders. The higher the traded volume in a time block, the more significant it is as an area of support or resistance. The points above and below the value areas represent possible ideal buying or selling points.
The Market Profile chart is also useful in determining market sentiment and how active traders are in certain time blocks. It can be helpful for technical analysis, as it provides information about the underlying factors affecting price action.
When Should You Buy and Sell with Market Profile Charts?
When an area has a higher traded volume, it is typically a good time to buy or sell. Traders should look for areas where the traded volume increases significantly at specific points within the chart. This could indicate strong support or resistance levels and potential buying or selling opportunities.
When looking at the Market Profile chart, traders should also look for areas of accumulation or distribution. Accumulation is when traders buy up the asset, and distribution is when traders sell off the asset. This can be a good sign for potential opportunities to buy or sell, as it indicates that there is likely an imbalance in supply and demand within the market.
Video: Learn About Market Profile Charts
Best Software for Market Profile
Out of our Top 10 Stock Market Analysis Software Review winners, only two companies offer market profile charts as standard.
MetaStock is a clear winner in stock charting, covering all the core chart types and including Point & Figure, Equivolume, and Market Profile charts.
Regarding indicators, MetaStock has 300+ different types, including Darvas Box and Ichimoku Cloud. MetaStock will also help you develop your own indicators based on their coding system.
Optuma offers institutional-grade charting with 400+ technical indicators and drawing tools, specializing in Market Profile Charts & Gann tools such as Gann Grid Lines, Gann Fans, and Gann Swing.
Pros and Cons of Market Profile Charts
People who use market profile charts become evangelists for the cause. They believe it offers unique insights into buy and sell opportunities. It can be a good option if you are a quick-fire day trader. On the downside, it can require serious effort to learn how to use them, and very few stock chart services offer this type of chart.
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