5 Terms to Understand As You Look to Invest

Five terms to understand as you look to invest.

In 2021, many people are hoping to prioritize their financial future. As you begin making decisions about the way you are going to diversify your cash flow, it is important that you understand the vital terms and phrases that determine the success of your stocks and investments. Although there are some phrases that are known among the general population, there are others that are more nuanced. In this article, we will share five terms to understand as you look to invest.

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1. P/E Ratio

P/E refers to the price-to-earnings ratio as compared to the per-share earnings. When evaluating a stock, it is important to look out for stocks with a high P/E ratio. A higher ratio could indicate one of two things. First, it could indicate that a stock is overvalued. If not this option, it is likely that the stock is projected to see a lot of growth in the near future. Due to the implications of these indications, it is important to conduct greater research when you see higher ratios.

2. Asset Allocation

Asset allocation depicts how you plan to divide your portfolio into stocks, bonds, cash, and other sources. Although there are many different ways that you can allocate your funds, it is a specific equation that is optimized to accomplish your financial goals. It is important this allocation is strategic based on what you want to accomplish in the future.

3. Capital Gain

Capital gain is the profit that will be gained on any asset or share that you sell. When you sell your investments at a higher price than you paid for them, you will gain a profit. Although this profit is beneficial, it will incur taxes. Due to the lower tax breaks, it is important to invest in foundational investments that the economy is built upon rather than short-term investments.

4. Diversification

When you focus on optimizing a diverse portfolio, you are strategically setting yourself up for success by ensuring that your investments will yield a higher return. Not only will diversification yield a higher return, it will mitigate the risk involved with investing. When your investments are diversified, they are placed in different industries that have differing rates of expected growth. Even if one industry falters, another one will likely expand as expected.

5. Yield

Yield is a common term that is used to describe the earnings generated on an investment over time. This number is dependent on the invested amount and the dividends that have been incurred over time.


As you look to invest, it is important that you work with a financial expert that you can trust. Although you will rely on the expertise of your advisor, it is important that you are knowledgeable about the important aspects of investment. If you are properly informed, you can ask strategic questions that will challenge your advisor and ensure that you are making decisions that are best for your financial situation.

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